Autarchy of the Private Cave

Tiny bits of bioinformatics, [web-]programming etc

    • Archives

    • Recent comments

    Archive for August, 2014

    How to update a multisite Drupal 6/7 installation using Drush

    25th August 2014

    There are quite a lot of posts on how to do this, but my differs a tiny little bit, so I’m saving it for my own future reference, and also for the benefits of the wider audience.

    I am updating a multisite Drupal 6 installation. To the best of my knowledge, the only difference for Drupal 7 is that instead of the site_offline D6 variable the maintenance_mode variable is used in D7.

    On Debian stable and later, you can sudo aptitude install drush and then just use it immediately after that.

    Note: I recommend su webuser (or sudo -s followed by sudo -s -u webuser) before you run any non-testing drush commands, where webuser is the user which owns your web-exposed files (e.g. Debian’s default is, I think, www-data). I’ve seen a lot of recommendations to run drush as a super-user, but that does not make sense, and may actually cause problems with file ownership.

    One last thing before we start: if your drush seems to work fine but hangs when untarring modules – check this solution.

    Read the rest of this entry »


    Posted in *nix, Drupal, how-to, Notepad, PHP, Programming, Software, Web | 1 Comment »

    drush pm-update fails: tar hangs when extracting *.tar.gz module archives from

    25th August 2014

    Drush is awesome, especially for updating multisite Drupal installations.
    I had only started using it a few days ago, and I’ve immediately hit a problem, to which I did find a workaround.


    • running drush @sites pm-update results in normal execution up to after answering ‘y[es]‘; then drush seems to hang indefinitely (haven’t waited beyond about 10 minutes, maybe it does produce an error after a long while);
    • running the same command with --debug shows that drush hangs when trying to untar the downloaded module.tar.gz archive; there are no errors/warnings, it just hangs with no CPU usage;
    • trying to untar any of the modules downloaded from manually is also unsuccessful: tar -xzvf module.tar.gz seems to do nothing, it also hangs with zero CPU usage/time and no warnings/errors;
    • interestingly, if I create some test.tar.gz locally, tar does happily extract that;
    • finally, running strace tar -xzvf module.tar.gz shows a number of unexpected lines, such as references to NSS and libnss files (I am only showing some of the lines of strace output, including the last line):

      open(“/etc/nsswitch.conf”, O_RDONLY) = 4
      read(4, “# /etc/nsswitch.conf\n#\n# Example”…, 4096) = 683
      open(“/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/″, O_RDONLY) = 4
      open(“/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/″, O_RDONLY) = 4
      open(“/etc/passwd”, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 4
      open(“/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/″, O_RDONLY) = 4
      open(“/etc/group”, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 4
      open(“/etc/libnss-mysql.cfg”, O_RDONLY) = -1 EACCES (Permission denied)
      open(“/etc/libnss-mysql-root.cfg”, O_RDONLY) = -1 EACCES (Permission denied)
      futex(0x7fd0816e8c48, FUTEX_WAIT_PRIVATE, 2, NULL

    Read the rest of this entry »


    Posted in *nix, Drupal, Notepad, Software | No Comments »